So You Want To.

From victor  Mon Nov 23 14:18:10 1992
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From: victor (Victor Grubbs)
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To: david@marie, tom@marie

Xref: comp.unix.wizards:8094 alt.folklore.computers:26599
From: (Eric S. Raymond)
Newsgroups: comp.unix.wizards,alt.folklore.computers
Subject: So You Want To Be A Wizard? (A modest proposal)
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Date: 22 Nov 92 20:47:36 GMT
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This is a lightly edited revision of something I posted yesterday in response
to [] by Ade Barkah.  I'm
thinking of expanding this into a "So thou wouldst be a wizard?" FAQ for
comp.unix.questions and comp.unix.wizards.  Suggestions welcome.

Base points for spotting the references to the _Tibetan_Book_Of_The_Dead_, the
_New_Testament_, _Pilgrim's_Progress_, H. P. Lovecraft, the _Bhagavad-Gita_,
_Star_Wars_, or Nietzsche.  If you can spot the lift from Alesteir Crowley's
_Book_Of_The_Law_, you're good.  If you can identify the take from the
_*Egyptian*_Book_Of_The_ Dead_ on top of all of these, please consider joining
my coven. :-)

--------------------------------- CUT HERE ------------------------------------
		(Dialogue between a Guru and a Newbie)

Speak, O Guru: How can I become a UNIX Wizard?

O, Nobly Born: know that the Way to Wizardhood is long, and winding,
and fraught with Peril.  Thou must Attune thyself with the Source, 
attaining the arcane Knowledge and Conversation of the System Libraries
and Internals.

Speak, O Guru: What books should I study?  Are the O'Reilly "Nutshell"
guides a good place to start?

O, Nobly Born: know that the O'Reilly books are but the palest shadow, the 
outermost Portal of the True Enlightenment.

If thou desirest with True Desire to tread the Path of Wizardly Wisdom, first
learn the elementary Postures of Kernighan & Pike's _The_Unix_Programming_
Environment_; then, absorb the mantic puissance of March Rochkind's _Advanced_
Unix_Programming_.  Immerse thyself, then, in the Pure Light of Maurice J.
Bach's _The_Design_Of_The_UNIX_Operating_System_.  Neglect not the Berkelian
Way; study also _The_Design_Of_The_4.3BSD_UNIX_Operating System_ by Samuel
Leffler, Kirk McKusick et. al.  Consider also the dark Wisdom to be gained from
contemplation of the dread _Portable_C_And_UNIX_Systems_Programming_, e'en
though it hath flowed from the keyboard of the mad and doomed Malvernite whom
the world of unknowing Man misnames "J. E. Lapin".

These tomes shall instruct thy Left Brain in the Nature of the UNIX System;
to feed the other half of thy head, O Nobly Born, embrace also the Lore
of its Nurture.  Don Libes's and Sandy Ressler's _Life_With_UNIX_ will
set thy Feet unerringly upon that Path; take as thy Travelling Companion
the erratic but illuminating compendium called _The_New_Hacker's_Dictionary_
(Eric S. Raymond, ed., with Guy L. Steele Jr.).

(In this wise shalt thou travel the Way of the Camel.)

Speak, O Guru: To attain Mastery, how many Kernels do I need to take apart
and reassemble?

O Nobly Born: this question reveals that indeed thou hast touched upon an
Ineffable Truth about UNIX --- that thou canst not Plumb its Mysteries by
mere Study but must become One with it through Practice.  The true Way to the
Knowledge of the Source is not the timid and footling way of the Student,
but the Divine Foolery of the Hacker.  Hack, then; strive against Mighty
Problems, have joy in thy Striving, and let the Crashes fall where they
may (maintaining the while, for the Good of thy Karma, a Rigorous Backup

(In this wise shalt thou travel the Way of the Lion.)

In this day of Boot-Time Autoconfiguration and Dynamically Loadable Device
Drivers, reassembling a Kernel is no longer the daunting Test and Seal of
Mastery that it once was.  However, writing and verifying thine own Device
Driver for some piece of Exotic Hardware is still a worthy challenge to
thy Budding Guruhood.

Speak, O Guru: Some there are who claim that the sole Path to Wizardry and the
proper Way of every Right-Thinking Hacker is to rewrite the UNIX Kernel from
Scratch.  Is this not Sacrilege?

Sacrilege, O Nobly Born?  Nay!  Certainly the Source is the Inmost
Mystery of UNIX --- but there is a Mystery beyond that Mystery.  The Nature
of UNIX inhereth not in any one version but in the Design Tradition of which
all UNIXes are Evolving Parts.  

The Rite of the Rewrite is not the only Path to Mastery, but it is perhaps
the highest and most Sacred of all Paths.  Few indeed are those who, travelling
it, have crossed the dark and yawning Abyss of Implementation to Delivery.
Many, yea, many in truth stagnate yet in the Desert of Delay, or linger ever
in the ghastly limbo called Perpetual Beta.

Speak, O Guru: What, then, is the True Path to Wizardhood?
O Nobly Born: learn, and seek within thyself.  Cultivate the cunning of
the Serpent and the courage of the Tiger; sup deeply from the Wisdom of
those who came before thee.  Hack, and hack again; grow, by trial and by
error.  Post thy best hacks to the Net and gain in Repute thereby.  Also, O
Nobly Born, be thou grave and courteous in thy speech; be helpful to those
less than thee, quick to ponder and slow to flame.

If thou dost these things faithfully, if thou travellest with high heart
and pure intention, soon shall thy callow Newbiehood be shed.  By degrees
imperceptible to thyself shalt thou gain Power and Wisdom, striving and
doing all the while.  Gradually shall thy puissance unfold and deepen.

O Nobly Born, if thou dost all these things, thy Wizardhood shall surely come
upon thee; but not of a sudden, and not until after thy arrogant Mind hath 
more than half forgotten that such was its aim.  For know this --- you may not
by thyself in Pride claim the Mantle of Wizardry; that way lies only Bogosity
without End.

Rather must you Become, and Become, and Become, until Hackers respect thy
Power, and other Wizards hail thee as a Brother in Wisdom, and you wake up and
realize that the Mantle hath lain unknown upon thy Shoulders since you knew
not when.
(In this wise shalt thou travel the Way of the Child.)

-------------------------------- CUT HERE -------------------------------------
					Eric S. Raymond []
From victor  Mon Nov 23 14:20:34 1992
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From: victor (Victor Grubbs)
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To: david@marie, tom@marie

Xref: comp.unix.wizards:8096 alt.folklore.computers:26616
From: (Barry Margolin)
Newsgroups: comp.unix.wizards,alt.folklore.computers
Subject: Re: So You Want To Be A Wizard? (A modest proposal)
Date: 23 Nov 1992 04:19:22 GMT
Organization: Thinking Machines Corporation, Cambridge MA, USA
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References: []

In article [] (Eric S. Raymond) writes:
]Speak, O Guru: What books should I study?  Are the O'Reilly "Nutshell"
]guides a good place to start?

O, Guru, I beseech thee that thou includest "Advanced Programming in the
UNIX Environment", begat of W. Richard Stevens.  He knoweth many versions,
and the intricacies and similarities thereof, and includeth many examples
(of which the novice may availeth himself at the altar of UUNET).
Barry Margolin
System Manager, Thinking Machines Corp.          {uunet,harvard}!think!barmar
From victor  Mon Nov 23 14:21:58 1992
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From: victor (Victor Grubbs)
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To: david@marie,, tom@marie

Xref: comp.unix.wizards:8101 alt.folklore.computers:26631
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From: (Peter da Silva)
Subject: Re: So You Want To Be A Wizard? (A modest proposal)
Organization: NeoSoft Communications Services -- (713) 684-5900
Date: Mon, 23 Nov 1992 10:13:21 GMT
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One can not become a true wizard without understanding the paths not taken.
Read Software Tools to understand the Tao of Fortran. If you can write
portable text-crunching code in Fortran-66 you are ready to take the next

One can not become a true wizard without learning that the Source has a
Dark Side. Explore the net and study the works of others, for experience
is the best teacher, and you can learn much from those who failed to
listen to it. There is much darkness in the halls of FTP...

One can not become a wizard without knowing adversity. Take the oldest, least
powerful, and least compatible piece of junk you have access to, and port any
GNU software to it. Only then will you learn how to write portable code, and
Peter da Silva.  [].
 `-_-'   Oletko halannut suttasi tänään?
Tarjoilija, tämä ateria elää vielä.